The GCP LCC vision is a sustainable landscape of

natural and cultural resources in the Gulf Coast Prairie geography

that is resilient to the threats and stressors associated with

climate and land use changes. 

  • Alligator Gar - TPWD

    Alligator Gar (Atractosteus spatula)
    Photo courtesy Texas Parks and Wildlife Department © 2006

  • American Oyster

    American Oyster (Crassostrea virginica)
    Photo courtesy Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries

  • Gudalupe Bass - TPWD

    Guadalupe Bass (Micropterus treculii)
    Photo courtesy Texas Parks and Wildlife Department © 2006

  • Cave Salamander

    Salamander (Eurycea spp.)
    Photo courtesy Todd Crabtree

  • White Bass

    White Bass (Morone chrysops)

  • Brazilian (Mexican) Free-tailed Bat

    Brazilian (Mexican) Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)
    Photo courtesy U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

  • Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat

    Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii)
    Photo courtesy Askantik

  • Blue Crab

    Blue Crab (Callinectes sapidus)

  • Black-Capped Vireo

    Black-Capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla)
    Photo courtesy Fish and Wildlife Service

  • Gulf Menhaden

    Gulf Menhaden (Brevoortia patronus)

Focal Species and Associated Habitats

Approved Gulf Coast Prairie LCC Focal Species & Associated Habitats for 2014

Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative partners and many others have been working to assess their collective science needs.  One of their first steps in this process was identifying 28 “focal species” that inhabit the LCC area.

Focal species are sometimes called “indicator species,” “representative species,” or “surrogate species,” but they all mean generally the same thing—they will receive special attention.  LCC science projects that benefit focal species will be given priority.  This is because ensuring their health is most likely to result in productive habitats and healthy ecosystems that can support self-sustaining populations of a much broader array of wildlife.  

Gulf Coast Prairie LCC Focal Species:

  • Alligator Gar
  • American Oyster
  • Black-capped Vireo
  • Black Skimmer
  • Blue Crab
  • Brazilian (Mexican) Free-tailed Bat
  • Broadcast-spawning Prairie Minnow
  • Brown Pelican
  • Crawfish Frog
  • Diamond-backed Terrapin
  • Dionda spp. (Minnows)
  • Eastern Meadowlark
  • Eurycea spp. (Salamanders)
  • Golden-cheeked Warbler
  • Guadalupe Bass
  • Gulf Menhaden
  • Little Blue Heron
  • Mottled Duck
  • Northern Bobwhite
  • Northern Pintail
  • Penaeid Shrimp
  • Quadrula spp. (Freshwater Mussels)
  • Rafinesque’s Big-eared Bat
  • Red-billed Pigeon
  • River Prawn
  • Sea Turtles
  • White Bass
  • White-tipped Dove

Similarly, Gulf Coast Prairie LCC partners also defined 17 associated habitats that support focal species and many other natural and cultural resources within the LCC area.  These are broadly defined and meant to help direct partners’ efforts to link species to habitat needs, communicate about conservation work, and direct science resources.

Gulf Coast Prairie LCC Associated Habitats:

  • Agricultural lands
  • Aquifers, springs, and spring-runs
  • Barrier islands and beaches
  • Caves
  • Floodplain forests, swamps, and riparian systems
  • Freshwater (non-forested) wetlands
  • Headwaters and streams
  • Mixed deciduous and juniper woodlands
  • Nearshore Gulf systems
  • Oak hardwood and pine forests
  • Open bay systems
  • Reservoirs
  • Rivers and lakes
  • Semi-desert shrub and grassland
  • Shrubland and shortgrass (mixedgrass) prairie
  • Tallgrass prairie
  • Tidal wetlands