The GCP LCC vision is a sustainable landscape of

natural and cultural resources in the Gulf Coast Prairie geography

that is resilient to the threats and stressors associated with

climate and land use changes. 

    American Oyster open

    American Oyster
    Photo courtesy of George Guillen

Shallow-water (intertidal) Oyster Reef Mapping

Formal Title: Mapping shallow reefs using low-cost side scanning sonar and drone photography systems

Research Focus: Habitat mapping; technical protocol.

Conservation & Management Challenges:

Oyster reefs are one of the most important environmental and economic resources within the coastal regions of the United States.  Although oyster reefs in deeper water have been mapped, the extent and condition of intertidal reefs has not been sufficiently inventoried in most states.  Understanding the geographic extent and condition of intertidal oyster reef and shell bottoms is important for assessing parental stock and to determine potential recruitment bottlenecks for oysters within an estuary.  These intertidal areas have traditionally served as a sanctuary from commercial harvest pressure due to closures, safety, and operational barriers preventing the harvesting of oysters in shallow water.  The location and extent of intertidal oyster resources is extremely limited for most of the coast of Louisiana and Texas; their contribution to overall oyster population dynamics is considerable, but poorly understood.  Adequate reef mapping will inform ongoing biological planning and restoration efforts.

Research Overview:

Economically, oysters rank seventh in overall landings by ex-vessel price in the United States.  They also provide significant environmental services including water filtration, protection of seagrass beds and salt marshes from waves, and forage for some invertebrates and fish.  American oysters are unique in that they effectively create an important habitat type through shell deposits, providing their own habitat as well as for other species including numerous marine organisms, commercially and recreationally important finfish, and wading birds like the American Oystercatcher.  This project will identify and map selected shallow and intertidal oyster reefs and shell bottom at selected sites along the Texas coastal zone (West Bay and Christmas Bay, where extensive shallow reefs have been detected in the past).  Side scanning sonar images will be digitally processed to produce a seamless and geometrically corrected mosaic of images for precise mapping of reefs.  Digital cameras placed on low-budget drones will also collect high-resolution images at selected sites to evaluate the ability to map intertidal reefs at reasonable costs.  In addition to mapping of selected sites, this project will develop consistent protocols for the mapping and classification for intertidal oyster reefs using both side scan sonar and drones equipped with high-resolution cameras.

Results:

This project was completed in August 2016.  

Access Oyster Reef Mapping project reports on Sciencebase

View the project webinar presentation (pdf)

View the recorded project webinar

View a video of the Hawk1 drone launching

View a video of the Hawk1 drone landing

Status:

This 9-month project was initiated in July 2015 and completed in August 2016.  The Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative is funding this project.

Contacts:

Principal Investigators:  George Guillen, Ph.D., Executive Director of the Environmental Institute of Houston and Associate Professor of Biology and Environmental Science, University of Houston Clear Lake (UHCL), Environmental Institute of Houston (EIH), 2700 Bay Area Blvd, Houston, TX 77058. guillen@uhcl.edu

 

Mustafa Mokrech, Ph.D., Research Scientist and GIS Analyst. EIH, UHCL, Same Address. Mokrech@UHCL.edu

 

Landscape Conservation Cooperative Point-of-Contact: Bill Bartush, Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative, National Wetlands Research Center, 700 Cajundome Boulevard, Lafayette, LA 70506  

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